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IPCC Report – Prevention Better than Cure

Review by Geoff Brooks, WPB Foundation Director

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its latest scientific report on the actual and projected changes for the global climate in August with some very clear messages.

Change is occurring rapidly and humans are significant contributors.  In fact, the impact of carbon emissions from human activity will be amplified in the years ahead, unless we make radical changes to the speed with which we tackle them.

For a top-level perspective of what the IPCC modelling reveals, we suggest you read the Summary for Policy Makers document, an extract from the entire report, whose scientific data and analysis stretches over 3000 pages.

With a large proportion of the world committed to achieving net zero carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2050, including some Australian states, we believe this is the minimum policy setting required to address this issue, given the IPCC findings.  The cost of not doing so will be enormous and largely borne by future generations.

There are many complexities and levels of confidence about the IPCC projections and sceptics will no doubt highlight areas of low to medium confidence in which there is scope for most debate.

Whatever the quantum of change (and the IPCC’s modelling covers a range of possibilities from a relatively mild 1.5oC increase to the middle of the century to around 5oC), the trends are clear – higher global temperatures, rising sea levels, more extreme climatic events like floods and drought, and wide-ranging consequences for the environment and the way we interact with it.

The changes outlined in the IPCC’s global projections will naturally have ramifications for the delicate environmental balance within the Western Port Biosphere Reserve.  Here are some of the key areas:

1.  Climate

The modelling predicts a drier climate for south-east Australia at both the low and high ends of expected global temperature increases.

Our climate will also be more volatile and less predictable, experiencing more extremely hot days.  This will make life tougher for everyone, including those involved in agriculture.  It is a trend already begun, as shown in this graphic from the CSIRO.

Water stewardship will become more important, both to conserve the resource and manage outflows into our bays.  Some farmers will need to consider the viability of some crops and possibly switch to drought resistant varieties.

2.  Marine Changes

It may seem contradictory to talk about a drier climate and rising sea levels, but the rising sea levels in and around Western Port will be driven by change far removed from us.  From 1971 to 2018, 50% of sea level rise was attributable to thermal expansion, in other words increased volume of water due to general temperature rise.  However, in the last 12 years of that period, volume increase from melting glaciers and ice sheets accounted for more than half of sea level rise.

The implications for Western Port could be significant, with the bay’s ability to maintain something like its current form governed by the rates at which mangroves and seagrasses can adjust to sea level rises.  These species are also important in mitigating increases in acidification and deoxygenation (lower oxygen levels) of seawater.  Seagrasses in particular, have a capacity substantially greater than similar tracts of rainforest to absorb carbon dioxide.

According to a 2011 joint report ‘Understanding the Western Port Environment’ by Melbourne Water, the Port Phillip and Western Port Catchment Management Authority and the Victorian Government though, it is not known how much these trends will impact Western Port.

In both instances, any adjustment can be further challenged by poorly planned human development of coastline and waterways.

3.  Drought

The IPCC modelling uses multiple metrics for calculating the possibility of drought over periods of a decade.  The most influential of these are soil moisture level and water balance i.e. water retained in the environment after evaporation and other loss.

For some reason, the IPCC reports there is limited data for Australia, one of the world’s most drought prone countries.  However, it does expect increased frequency of drought for southern Australia. It emphasises its broader finding that our region will be drier by suggesting that we can expect it to also be drier for longer over any given 10-year period.

On a positive note, the IPCC notes that there is still time and scope for humanity to make changes that can mitigate against the worst climatic outcomes.  It is still within our hands to ensure any climate change is constrained to a minimum and to a rate of change which gives our environment a fighting chance to adjust.

Doing this will require the cumulative effort of communities around the globe, making adjustments to lifestyle, consumption and waste management, while ensuring we plan future development that takes into account the environment pressures we face.

If we act with conviction and at scale now, the IPCC anticipates that we could feel climate reversal in our daily lives within about 30 years.  The Western Port Biosphere Foundation is already acting, with a water stewardship program to help business and communities reduce consumption, recycle and manage this critical resource.  We play a central role in building awareness of our Ramsar protected wetlands and how by protecting them we can support biodiversity and environmental health.

Unfortunately, some of the outcomes of historical inaction are already baked in, but the IPCC scientists warn that further inaction, or even under-action will result in transformative changes to our terrestrial and marine environments, such as sea level rise, will not be reversible ‘within centennial or even millennia timeframes’.

Prevention is clearly better than cure.



Strategic Extractive Resource: A Threat to the Biosphere or a Fact of Life?

Stephen Brend, WPB Foundation Project Officer

You cannot make cement without sand.  You can’t make concrete without gravel.  We can’t make buildings, houses, roads without cement and concrete, therefore, it follows, we need sand and gravel.

Where do they come from?  Quarries.  These raw materials are dug up – extracted from the ground.  A fresh load of sand for each new batch of cement.  Because of this demand, Strategic Extractive Resource Areas (SERA) were introduced into the State’s planning framework.  Their aim is to “identify and safeguard land with the highest potential to supply material to build Victoria’s future”  (SERA-Fact-Sheet-Community.pdf (  A SERA does not imply approval for the establishment or expansion of a quarry, rather its intention is to stop the development of “incompatible land uses”, such as homes, schools and hospitals, that would be impacted should a quarry gain approval.

A cynic might say that becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy because if a quarry is proposed, the proponents will know they won’t impact on sensitive neighbours.  In fairness, an application to expand or establish a quarry does have to meet more criteria than just the likely effect on the neighbours.  However, it is undeniable that SERAs help rather than hinder the mining industry.

This is an important issue for the Biosphere Reserve as one SERA runs along the eastern shore of Western Port from Cardinia into Bass Coast Shire, encompassing the controversial expansion of the Dandy Pre-Mix quarry at Grantville.  However, an equally important concern for us is the unsustainable nature of quarrying.  How long can we really expect to keep digging new stuff up?

Alternatives do exist.  Glass can be recycled into sand products, and this is already happening in Australia.  Envirosand, based in Brisbane, aims to “provide a sustainable alternative to the mining of virgin quarried sand products, for use across a range of industries”.  Similarly, concrete can be crushed and turned back into sands and gravel.  As Business Recycling points out on their website “By recycling concrete, landfill space is conserved, gravel mining minimised and the carbon footprint of manufacturing new concrete significantly reduced.”  Our hope is that these are the industries that would be established locally, contributing to the circular economy which really is the future.

Indigenous Vegetables

Colette Day, WPB Foundation Director and Chair of the Foundation’s Science and Education Committee

Indigenous vegetables are making a popular resurgence to our diets and rightly so.  They are easy to grow and maintain being perfectly adapted to our environment, nutritious and add a new and interesting dimension to our settler diets.  Amazing to have to say this after over 200 years of European settlement in Australia!  Two particularly useful plants are indigenous to our Biosphere and are part of the Sustainable Indigenous Garden at the Down’s Estate Community Farm.

Warrigal Greens – Tetragonia tetragoniodes

is a leafy green vegetable that grows in sunny to shady spots in most parts of Australia.  Fertile, moist soils are best for good leaf product, but these hardy plants adapt to hot, dry, and sandy soils and show resistance to salty spray.  In our Biosphere, these plants may die back during Winter but will revive in the Spring and can be treated as an annual.  They are well suited to pots in smaller gardens.  The leaves can be picked off and used as you might spinach, and it is best to blanch and rinse the leaves as there may be a build up of oxalates if eaten frequently. 


Karkalla or Pigface; Carpobrotus glaucescent

is a coastal succulent so tolerates both drought and salt and is somewhat frost-resistant.  It prefers full sun but will grow comfortably in part-shade.  Choose a well-drained soil, from clay loam to sandy, and water occasionally during the hottest summer months if you want the leaves to keep their rich colour.  The juicy leaves can be eaten raw or stir fried.  They also can make a crunchy green pickle which is a great accompaniment with cheese and crackers or on a BBQ steak!

Check with your municipal nursery for seedlings of these two great indigenous vegetables.  Once established these plants can provide cheap, nutritious, easy additions to your everyday meals.

Stir fry Karkalla and Blanched Warrigal greens










You Simply Cannot Beat an Egg

Greg Hunt, WPB Foundation former EO and avid birdo

As an exercise in biophysics and biochemistry, there is simply nothing better than an egg.  Sure, there are challenges in ovipary (egg-laying) as a reproductive strategy, but millions of years of evolution have led to an egg as a rather astounding structure, physically, chemically and aesthetically.

First, the challenge.  Mammals have pretty much perfected the process of ensuring the next generation by retaining their offspring within the maternal body, being kept warm and safe by the parent with experience and skills to stay secure from predators.  Carrying within the body a number of developing offspring isn’t an option for an animal that flies, that’s a considerable weight to carry around.  Forming an egg and then passing it out of the body is the avian solution to this problem. Even in a relatively undeveloped state, before the eggs are laid, there’s still a handicap in the weight of the eggs.  Particularly for birds that rely on flight to catch prey, breeding time could be problematic.  If you cannot fly fast and long, you go hungry and your eggs don’t mature.  In falcons, goshawks and other birds of prey, the female is larger than the male.  A male Peregrine falcon, weighing on average 600 grams, is a ‘tiercel’, a word derived from archaic French meaning ‘one third smaller’.  Females average 900 grams.  Through a better power-to-weight ratio, female Peregrines can carry developing eggs and still hunt on the wing.

With the eggs completing development out in the variable external environment, a number of challenges follow.  They have to be kept warm and they have to be kept secure.  A nest serves as a response to both of these challenges.

Lined with heat-retaining feathers or fine grasses, the incubating parent passes their body heat to the eggs.  The nest provides an insulated environment against the temperature variations that might otherwise stop foetal development.

For security, the nest might be completely enclosed, contained within a hollow, a tunnel in an earth bank or a stick or grass dome with a small side entrance.  It might be a suspended cup, entwined in the outer foliage of a bush or tree that would not support the weight of a foraging monitor or possum.  It could be concealed within the spiky defences of a clump of porcupine grass or thorn-encrusted thickets of shrubs.






At the nest—the tiercel (left) and male (right)


Yellow-faced honeyeater builds a suspended cup in the outer foliage



Nest building requires energy and resources and some species just don’t do it or if they do, they do it rather sparingly.  For pigeons and cooing doves, it is a case of ‘two sticks across and a little bit of moss, and that will doo, doo doo.’







Flimsy nest of a crested pigeon

Frogmouths will never win awards for excellence in nest building either, with just a few twigs laid out on a horizontal fork in a sturdy gum where at least there is little swaying, even on a strong breeze.  Cuckoos don’t even bother, they simply parasitise the nests of others and foster out incubation and raising their young.

Down lining of a wood duck’s nest

Some birds of prey take over the nests of ravens for their own use.  Other species, including lapwings, dotterels, and terns use a scrape in the ground, sometimes lined, sometimes not.  For them, security is a mix of concealment and parental defence.





The ‘none’ nest of the pied oystercatcher

But back to the egg, a structure largely composed of insoluble calcium carbonate, inside of which the embryo develops in a fluid environment.  Gasses pass through a semi-permeable shell and internal membranous sacs isolate the nitrogenous wastes from protein synthesis.  Creating the shell requires energy and resources.

A sphere can enclose the greatest volume within the least surface area.  It is least wasteful of energy and resources for a bird to have a spherical egg.  If the egg is laid on the ground or on a flattish platform of twigs, it can readily roll around – and away.  Birds that build in hollows, where there is nowhere to roll to, can afford to produce spherical eggs.  This is the shape of eggs of parrots and kingfishers, both hollow-nesting species, or rainbow birds, which nest at the end of a metre-long tunnel in sand.






Near-spherical eggs of a hollow-nesting eastern rosella

A clutch of spherical eggs clumped together will necessarily leave gaps in between where they touch.  If the incubating bird is trying to cover all of the eggs with their body warmth, spheres aren’t the best shape.

Reflect on how the wedges of a pizza fit together.  Conical-shaped eggs can be gathered with their pointed ends inwards to provide the best opportunity for each to receive parental warmth as more eggs will fit under the bird.  If they were to roll, it wouldn’t be away, it would be around and the parent bird can simply nudge them together again.











Conical egg of a painted snipe

There are further advantages to nesting in hollows.  Not only are eggs the most efficient shape, they also don’t need to be camouflaged.  In fact, the advantage is in dispensing with the production of pigment altogether, as a white egg is easier for the bird to see when it enters the darkened hollow.  Further, safety from predators is greater when the eggs are so hidden and defence by the parents is simpler.

Masked lapwing—pointed ends in

There is some great architecture in bird nests.  Australia has a number of mound-builders, where mallee fowl and scrub turkeys lay their large number of eggs in a heap of decaying vegetation, harnessing the heat of decomposition for incubation.  Mudlarks, choughs, swallows and fairy martins build quite elaborate mud-nests, as bowls or bottles, in which to lay.  The large bowl of a white-winged chough will have the many eggs of the extended family group.







Sacred kingfisher nest and eggs

There is some great architecture in bird nests.  Australia has a number of mound-builders, where mallee fowl and scrub turkeys lay their large number of eggs in a heap of decaying vegetation, harnessing the heat of decomposition for incubation.  Mudlarks, choughs, swallows and fairy martins build quite elaborate mud-nests, as bowls or bottles, in which to lay.  The large bowl of a white-winged chough will have the many eggs of the extended family group.

If the nest is on the ground, the trade-off is between reduced effort in nest-building and greater vulnerability to predation.  The first line of defence is camouflage.  An egg with colours and patterns that blend into the background provides some advantage against predators.  The biochemical pathways that result in background egg-colour, then coloured blotches and streaks need inputs and energy but the payback will be eggs that are hard to see and so more likely to result in successful fledging.





Bottle-swallows, or correctly, fairy martins,’ nests

The second line of defence is up to the parent birds.  Fierce defence of the eggs and young is a strategy of many species.  Masked lapwings were previously known as Spur-winged plovers for the sharp spur on the elbow joint of the wing.  This is a spur to avoid as the lapwing dives at whoever or whatever approaches the nest.  Magpies can make parks dangerous places in Spring as they swoop pedestrians who stray within their territory.  Swans can be quite frightening in attack if the personal space of their cygnets is invaded.  Miners, mudlarks and willy wagtails appear fearless as they mob and drive off currawongs, ravens and eagles, many time their size.

Rather than drive away predators, some species lure them away.  If a Red-capped plover thinks the eggs and/or chicks are in danger, it will lead a predator away by posing as an easy meal through having a broken wing and take the threat away from the nest, only to fly off and around when the danger has been sufficiently reduced.

Broken wing display of a red-capped plover

Of course, unprotected eggs or vulnerable chicks are an easy meal for a scavenging gull or a candidate for squashing by a beach-driven 4WD.  An off-leash dog also will scare off a parent bird to leave the eggs or young exposed.

A third strategy is in the number of eggs.  It is common for emus, ducks and geese to produce at least 10 eggs, accepting that not all will survive to fledging.  It has been estimated that the success rate from egg to independence is around 5%.  We’d be swamped by birds if all eggs laid were to develop through to adult birds so food chains in which birds appear as intermediate links are simply a feature of the natural world.





The typically large clutch that a male emu incubates

And finally, many species are opportunistic breeders, if the food resource is there, they will have second and third broods.  In a good season, willie wagtails will keep up a production line of young to spill over the tightly-woven, spiderwebbed, cup-shaped nest.

Willie wagtails typically build a nest of cobwebs and fine grass on a horizontal branch often above water

There’s considerable energy invested in reproduction and egg-layers, as do all species, want to see a return on that investment.  Accordingly, there is a plethora of adaptations to maximise that return.  Approaching the matter from first principles is a fine way to understand these adaptations and appreciate how birds reproduce.

Water Stewardship in the Biosphere

Lance Lloyd, Water Stewardship Program Officer, WPB Foundation

Managing water is vital to support the sustainability of our Biosphere.  Applying the international recognised standard of Water Stewardship helps property owners and managers understand, reduce and recycle water quantity, improve water quality and add to the biodiversity of their site, and important water-dependent environments downstream of their site.

While the Covid pandemic has been making it difficult to get things done, we have been working with funds from the Community Environment Program, and the local member in Dunkley, Peta Murphy, to develop plans with the Peninsula Campus of Monash University and the Minimbah campus of Woodleigh School.

The Commonwealth Government has also supported the Biosphere under the Environmental Restoration Fund.  We hope to extend from these Frankston-based water stewards to additional sites in the municipalities of Bass Coast, Cardinia, Casey and Mornington Peninsula, to develop new water stewardship plans and train new water stewards.

We are keen to hear from any schools, businesses, organisations, or farmers that would like our assistance to make sure they can save water, money, nutrients and improve water quality as well as increase biodiversity onsite and within the catchment.  We can tailor the water stewardship plan to suit your needs.  For instance, Somers School Camp has approached us to be part of the water stewardship program and even though we haven’t been able to get together onsite yet, we are discussing their needs and are planning some intensive bug bioblitzes and water quality monitoring at the Merricks estuary and Coolart Wetlands, both important water-related areas near several Water Stewardship Plan sites.  Please email Lance Lloyd at [email protected].

Water treatment wetlands at Peninsula Campus of Monash University – already working to improve the water quality run-off and the biodiversity of the campus.

South Branch of Sweetwater Creek at Minimbah campus, Woodleigh School – a target of activities for students, revegetation and a future bug bioblitz!


Protecting the Ramsar Values of Western Port

Stephen Brend, WPB Project Officer

Photo Courtesy Daniel Hall

Our three-year ‘Ramsar Values’ project, funded by the Port Phillip and Westernport Catchment Management Authority (PPWCMA) wrapped up successfully in June.  The project’s final event, a bus trip to highlight why Western Port is considered a wetland of international importance, was postponed due to the pandemic lockdown.  It will, however, certainly be run once restrictions allow.  We will advertise this before the event.  Protecting the Ramsar Values of Western Port remains a priority for the Biosphere Foundation.

In the meantime, the lockdown has made many people ask “what effect will the lockdown have on fish stocks?  Will there be more fish?  Will they be easier to catch?”  To the surprise of many, fisheries scientists answer “probably not”.  How can that be?  If thousands of recreational fishers are prevented from catching fish, why won’t there be more of them?  As with everything to do with fisheries, the explanation is complicated.  There are lots of fish species, each with different life histories, some are affected more by adult mortality (e.g. fishing) than others.  However, it really comes down to the incredibly large number of eggs a single fish can produce – sometimes in the tens of thousands.  As a result, it doesn’t take too many adults to do a lot of replenishing.  In the case of King George Whiting in Victoria, the adults spawn (lay eggs) out at sea where they are not fished.  It is then up to the currents and tides to bring the eggs and young into our bays where they mature.  The lockdown will mean that more adults will leave their ‘nurseries’ in Port Phillip and Western Port and make it out to sea to reproduce, but predictions are, this won’t significantly change fish stocks.

What about the fishing itself?  Surely, if those thousands of fish haven’t been caught, there will be more of them in the water and so they will be easier to catch?  Possibly, but only possibly.  The fish will be as elusive as ever.  The only thing that might help fishers is that school sizes may be bigger, making them easier to find.  Whether you consider that a good thing or not, depends on your passion!

The Foundation’s attitude is nuanced.  Firstly, we feel deeply the impact that lockdown has on individuals and society.  While environmental gains are always worth celebrating, there is no joy when it comes at such cost to people.  We recognise that recreational fishing does bring social and economic benefits.  Our concern is making sure it does not come at a cost to the natural world.  Therefore, we always encourage best practice:  Not littering; retrieving all spent line; anchoring without damaging the seabed; and avoiding disturbing birds.  Regardless of whether fish stocks have improved, or if catching them has become easier, our message is always about sustainability.  Catch your dinner, not your limit.

Introducing Spartina (and myself)

Katerina Palthe, WPB Foundation Intern
Sporobolus anglicus (Photo: Fred Weinmann)

I have been lucky enough to join the Western Port Biosphere Foundation as an Intern during the latter half of this year. Currently, I am completing a Master of Agricultural Science, but I have a background studying geography, development, and environmental politics. Living on the Mornington Peninsula, I’ve always appreciated the natural beauty of Western Port – in fact – most weekends you’ll find me surfing around the Western Port entrance!

My favourite part of this professional experience has been working with the Foundation’s Team and learning about the people and processes that contribute to enhancing the Biosphere. I’ve had the opportunity to research meaningful issues, attend meetings and seminars as well as correspond with a variety of professionals. Recently, I was tasked with researching the progress of Spartina eradication, which has not yet been discussed in a Connector newsletter before!

Spartina – technically “sporobolus anglicus,” and also called “common cordgrass” – is a weed that invades the Western Port intertidal zone. The pest rapidly colonizes mudflats that facilitate fish breeding, native plant growth, and provide food for migratory birds, disrupting the natural ecosystem. In response to the worsening threat of Spartina in the Western Port environment, Melbourne Water developed a program aiming to completely eradicate it with the help of Parks Victoria and the Port Phillip and Western Port Catchment Management Authority (PPWCMA). Being in year 6 of the 10-year management plan, I corresponded with Adrian Vinnell (Melbourne Water) and Andrew Morrison (PPWCMA) to discuss their thoughts on its progress.

The focus of their management plan so far has been the Inlets Management Area and Bass Estuary. Through aerial spraying, the extent of Spartina infestation has significantly reduced, associated with an increase in saltmarsh and mangrove quantity. Whilst aerial spraying has been successful, they are now shifting their focus towards ground-based detection and monitoring, possibly through drones and canine detection.

Unfortunately, the threat of Spartina will endure for many years to come. Infestations are difficult to locate as re-establishment can occur on private property and be re-introduced to areas where Spartina was previously eradicated. The very nature of Spartina growth – being horizontally under soil – makes the task of eradication quite a challenge. Nevertheless, there is hope that with increased awareness and education, community efforts could contribute to monitoring. Therefore, we all have an opportunity to prevent infestation and ultimately protect the wildlife of our beautiful Western Port Biosphere.

The Western Port Biosphere Foundation would like to hear from you on your experiences with this weed and any advice or ideas on how we can continue to manage its invasion. Please make contact through our website at

Detector dogs can be trained to sniff out spartina! (Photo: Melbourne Water)

The distribution of Spartina in Western Port (Image: Melbourne Water)

Bandicoot Fence Thank You

Bandicoot Corner
Meghan Lindsay, Project Officer, Cardinia Environment Coalition

The Cardinia Environment Coalition has been operating since 1998. We manage several nature reserves in Cardinia Shire, including Bandicoot Corner in Bayles. Bandicoot Corner is a 3ha reserve of swampy riparian woodland, an endangered vegetation type. The reserve is home to a population of southern brown bandicoots, a federally listed endangered species. Southern brown bandicoots are marsupials with a stocky body, long snout and rounded ears. Adults weigh 1-1.2kgs, which puts them in the ‘critical weight range’. The critical weight range is a class of mammals in Australia that weigh between 35-5500g. Due to their size, this group of mammals are at high risk of decline and extinction, largely from predation by the introduced red fox and cat.

Bandicoot Corner has been surrounded by a predator proof fence since 2012. This fence protects the bandicoots from being predated by foxes and cats. Whilst predator proof fences can be an effective way to protect vulnerable species, they require constant maintenance and upkeep, which can be time consuming and expensive. The Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Foundation kindly provided funds to help us do some much-needed repairs to the fence in July 2021. With their help we were able to clear vegetation from the fence line and repair sections of the fence that had been damaged by fallen trees. This work will help us make sure that Bandicoot Corner remains a safe haven for southern brown bandicoots into the future.

Meghan Lindsay
Project Officer
Cardinia Environment Coalition
Phone: 0408 277 129

2022 World Wetlands Day

Hastings named Australia’s most Sustainable community

Keep Australia Beautiful has announced the Victorian finalist Hastings as the winner of the 2021 Australian Sustainable Communities – Tidy Towns Awards, at an online event held on Friday 3 September 2021.

Running nationally since 1990, the Australian Sustainable Communities – Tidy Towns Awards have evolved to encompass projects and initiatives with a focus on environmental sustainability and resource management to reflect a growing awareness of the importance of community-led environmental action. The Tidy Towns name has always been synonymous with community pride, cohesion and above all, community action. The awards reach beyond tourism to encourage, motivate and celebrate the sustainability achievements of grassroots rural and regional communities across Australia.

Traditionally, the 2020 overall winner, Beechworth, Victoria, would have hosted this year’s awards event. Due to the continually shifting nature of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2021 Awards Ceremony was once again held online.

Hastings was also awarded winner of the Dame Phyllis Frost Litter Prevention category award and was the joint winner in the Heritage and Culture (with Wallace Rockhole, Northern Territory), Community Health, Wellbeing and Interest (with Narrogin, Western Australia) categories.

Hastings local, Harrison Hansen, was awarded winner of the Young Legends (Individual) category.

Australian Sustainable Communities – Tidy Towns judge Gail Langley said the town – located on Victoria’s Mornington Peninsula – won four of the nine categories and scored highly in the remaining five categories.

“The Hastings Keep Australia Beautiful working group showcased their town and showed there is a strong focus on striving to become more sustainable each year, with the community demonstrating consultation, collaboration and inclusion to implement successful projects,” commented Ms Langley.

“Hastings has demonstrated a strong focus on determining perceived needs of future generations as well as valuing and caring for the abundant natural resources in their local area.

“The community not only caters for those living in the town but also extends the community spirit of support to others, as demonstrated during the devastating 2020 bushfires, with the Hastings community becoming pivotal in assisting 4,000 Mallacoota beach evacuees.”

Val Southam, Chief Executive Keep Australia Beautiful commended all the finalists in this year’s Awards.

“Entrants in the Sustainable Communities – Tidy Towns competition, who are largely volunteers, are some of the most dedicated and passionate people we are fortunate enough to be involved with.

“In addition to a healthy dose of competition, the awards bring together community leaders, environmental champions, young legends and waste warriors from every corner of our great country to share experiences, learn from and inspire each other.

“This is the true Sustainable Communities – Tidy Towns spirit.”


Judge Contact:
Gail Langley [email protected]
National Media Comment:
Val Southam, Chief Executive, Keep Australia Beautiful [email protected] 0419 016 401


About the Australian Sustainable Communities Awards
Keep Australia Beautiful seeks to lead, challenge and inspire all Australians to strive for a sustainable and litter free environment. It does this through research, communications programs and awards programs.

Its national awards are known as the Australian Sustainable Communities – Tidy Towns Awards. The Awards program commences with state and territory awards and culminates in a national Grand Final event.
© 2021 Keep Australia Beautiful National Association | ABN 35 743 600 611
Keep Australia Beautiful acknowledges the traditional custodians throughout Australia and their continuing connection to the land, waters and community. We pay our respects to all members of the Aboriginal communities and their cultures; and to Elders both past and present.