The Southern Brown Bandicoot is listed as nationally endangered under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and threatened in Victoria under the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988. Until the 1970s, the Southern Brown Bandicoot was common in the heathy woodlands that occurred in the Western Port region. Today, there remains only one relatively secure site and elsewhere only isolated patches of habitat remain, with few surviving bandicoots. The conservation of these fragmented populations, on land managed by many private landholders and public agencies, poses a significant challenge.
The Southern Brown Bandicoot (SBB) Recovery program is one of the first projects initiated by the Biosphere (2003). In collaboration with other organisations, the Biosphere Foundation’s Research Committee established a Southern Brown Bandicoot recovery program. Since then the Foundation has been working with partners to ensure the regional recovery of the endangered Southern Brown Bandicoot – it is a key task in the Living Strategy – the Biosphere’s Strategic planning instrument.