Information Exchange

Current issues
Research library
Suggested reading
Useful links

Current issues

Climate change impacts on Western Port
Port of Hastings planning
Ecology of Western Port
Myrtle rust in the Western Port Biosphere Reserve

Issue: Impacts of climate change in the Western Port region

The Dresden Declaration, adopted by UNESCO in 2011, gives strategic direction regarding biosphere reserves and climate change.

The Western Port Biosphere Reserve is a signatory of the Victoria Declaration on the Implications for Cultural Sustainability of Climate Change, which was adopted by the International Conference of National Trusts held in Victoria, Canada in October 2011. The declaration is intended to underline to world leaders that climate change threatens cultural heritage and social sustainability. The resolution to become a signatory was passed at the Western Port Biosphere Reserve EGM on 1 May 2012.

South East Councils Climate Change Alliance

Victorian Government – Understanding climate change

Australian Government – Climate change

Article: Failure to protect seagrass may cost Australia $45b, 11 February 2013

Issue: Port of Hastings planning

Western Port Biosphere Foundation postion statement re the proposed Port of Hastings development

Port of Hastings Development Authority

Victorian Department of Transport – Port of Hastings development

Parliament of Victoria Hansard: Official record of parliamentary debates (search for Port of Hastings)

Issue: Human impacts on the ecology of Western Port

Western Port Biosphere Reserve conservation values and challenges

Non-profit organisations:

Blue Wedges

Dolphin Research Institute

Western Port Catchment Committee

Western Port Seagrass Partnership

Government organisations:

Central Coastal Board

City of Casey

Department of Environment and Primary Industries

Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

Melbourne Water

Phillip Island Nature Park

Port Phillip and Westernport Catchment Management Authority

Victorian Coastal Council

Myrtle rust in the Western Port Biosphere Reserve

The fungus, Uredo rangelii (myrtle rust), found in Victoria for the first time in January 2012, poses a threat to Victoria's nursery, forestry and beekeeping industries, as well as to public parks and gardens and native forests. It can potentially attack all species of the Myrtaceae plant family. It has been found at sites within the Western Port Biosphere Reserve.

The Victorian Department of Environment and Primary Industries offers information on myrtle rust, how to identify it, what to do if you find it, and how to prevent its spread.

Research library

References and literature reviews

Melbourne Water (2011). Western Port Science Review presentations.

Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Reserve Foundation Ltd (2008). Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Reserve References.

Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne. Database of References on the Ecology and Natural Resources of Greater Melbourne. This database includes references from:

McDonnell, M.J., Williams, N.S.G., Hahs, A.K. (1999). A reference guide to the ecology and natural resources of the Melbourne region : A bibliography of the biodiversity literature for scientists, teachers, policy makers, planners and natural resource managers. Melbourne: Royal Botanic Gardens.


O'Bryan, C. (2007). Fostering environmental behaviour change: Uncovering the motives and barriers to pro-environmental behaviour in Frankston (summary report). Conducted for the Biosphere Foundation and Frankston City Council under supervision by Dr S. Pfueller, School of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University.

Hanley, M. (2003). Implications of the MAB Program for sustainable tourism practice: A case study of Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Reserve. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Environmental Science with Honours, supervised by Dr S. Pfueller, School of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University.

Kraska, T. (2009). Identifying sustainability indicators for a regional sustainability strategy within the Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere.

Livesley, S. (2010). Soil greenhouse gas exchange and carbon stocks in natural and managed ecosystems of the Mornington Peninsula [Report for the Mornington Peninsula Shire Council]. Richmond: University of Melbourne.

Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Reserve Foundation Ltd (2008). Recovery of the Southern Brown Bandicoot in the Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Reserve and surrounding districts: A report on the public meeting, 14 November 2006 Hastings: Author.

Pfueller, S. (2008). Role of bioregionalism in Bookmark Biosphere Reserve, Australia. Environmental Conservation 35(2), 173–186.

Suggested reading

Biosphere reserves

UNESCO web site. The Seville Strategy (PDF 1.08 MB) and the Madrid Action Plan set out the agenda for action of the MAB Program and its biosphere reserves for the period 2008-2013.

Australian Biosphere Reserves (Australian Department of the Environment and Water Resources)

Victorian Biosphere Reserves (Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment)

MPWP Biosphere Reserve

MPWP Biosphere Reserve Stage 1 Nomination to UNESCO (2002) (PDF 4 MB)

Institutional context of the MPWP Biosphere Reserve Foundation Ltd: Explanation of the institutional and statutory obligations, expectations and commitments within which the foundation conducts its business, from UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program through federal, state and local government policies to the foundation's charter and constitution.


International Union for the Conservation of Nature's 2013–2016 Program Global Situation Analysis: Outcomes of a five-month consultation process to inform the IUCN's 2013–2016 program, which will be adopted in September 2012.


Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability Victoria community engagement to inform the 2013 State of the Environment Report: Outcomes of state-wide regional tours and two policy workshops held in 2011 .

United Nations Division for Sustainable Development. Includes
Agenda 21, an action blueprint on specific issues relating to sustainable development that emerged from the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janerio in 1992. Agenda 21 explained that population, consumption and technology were the primary driving forces of environmental change and for the first time, at an international level, explicitly linked the need for development and poverty eradication with progress towards sustainable development.

Millenium Ecosystem Assessment: The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) was called for by the United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan in 2000 to assess the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being. From 2001 to 2005, the MA involved the work of more than 1,360 experts worldwide. Their findings provide a state-of-the-art scientific appraisal of the condition and trends in the world’s ecosystems and the services they provide, as well as the scientific basis for action to conserve and use them sustainably.

United Nations Global Compact: An international initiative to encourage the private sector to embrace a set of core values, the ten universal principles, in the areas of human rights, labour standards, the environment, and anti-corruption.

Ecologically Sustainable Development (Australian Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts)

Sustainability Victoria: An organisation charged with showing the way to using our resources more efficiently and reducing our everyday environmental impacts.

Ecological Footprint (Environment Protection Authority Victoria). The Ecological Footprint measures resource consumption of human activities across the whole lifecycle of a product or service and converts this to the amount of land needed to supply the resources consumed and assimilate the waste generated. This concept has a major role to play in measuring how close we are to a sustainable society.

Useful references (PDF 12KB)

Sustainable living guides:

Useful links

UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves

AusMab: An Alliance of Australian Biospheres

Biosphere reserves in Australia:

Local governments within the biosphere reserve:

Victorian Government:

Commonwealth Government:

Flora & fauna:

Conservation and sustainability:


The links here have been made available for the benefit of public information.

This does not imply endorsement of the views expressed in the linked material.

The Biosphere Foundation takes no responsibility for content on linked web sites.